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What is FAIR?

What is FAIR?

The FAIR principles are guidelines for improving the Findability, Accessibility, Interoperability, and Reuse of digital assets. Researchers increasingly rely on computational support to deal with big and complex data, therefore the FAIR principles emphasise the machine-actionability of data - the capacity of computational systems to find, access, interoperate, and reuse data without human intervention.

The ultimate goal of FAIR is to optimise the reuse of data. To achieve this, metadata and data should be well-described so that they can be replicated and/or combined in different settings.

To be Findable:

F1. (meta)data are assigned a globally unique and persistent identifier
F2. data are described with rich metadata (defined by R1 below)
F3. metadata clearly and explicitly include the identifier of the data it describes
F4. (meta)data are registered or indexed in a searchable resource

To be Accessible:

A1. (meta)data are retrievable by their identifier using a standardized communications protocol
     A1.1 the protocol is open, free, and universally implementable
     A1.2 the protocol allows for an authentication and authorization procedure, where necessary
A2. metadata are accessible, even when the data are no longer available

To be Interoperable:

I1. (meta)data use a formal, accessible, shared, and broadly applicable language for knowledge representation.
I2. (meta)data use vocabularies that follow FAIR principles
I3. (meta)data include qualified references to other (meta)data

To be Reusable:

R1. meta(data) are richly described with a plurality of accurate and relevant attributes
    R1.1. (meta)data are released with a clear and accessible data usage license
    R1.2. (meta)data are associated with detailed provenance
    R1.3. (meta)data meet domain-relevant community standards